Introduction

The Muckleshoot Tribe is Coastal Salish, like many other Coastal Salish tribes the Muckleshoot tribe relies on seafood and wild game as a staple, the Muckleshoot tribe owns and operates a casino and bingo hall to bring in 1.6 billion dollars a year.


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Location:

The reservation is located in the area of Auburn Washington between Seattle and Tacoma, a few miles inland from Puget Sound. The reservation consists of 3440 acres near both the White and Green river.


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Language:

A dialect of Puget Salish or whulshootseed and has 41 sounds in the alphabet

Clothing:

Most of the Muckleshoot tribes clothes was cedar bark for warmth and breechcloth, and often wore moccasins. The hunters of the tribe wore animal hides to be protected from brush in the forest.


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Diet/food source:

Although skilled hunters their main diet consisted of salmon and shell fish. Salmon fishing was the mainstay of traditional Muckleshoot life. Salmon was gathered and smoked and often traded with other people on the coast.

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Shelter:

The Muckleshoot was not a tribe that traveled to many different shelter grounds. This enabled them to have shelters that were large and not removable. These shelters were called long houses. They were large and made of wood with a movable slat on top to let the fire smoke out.

Longhouses: Native American homes that are built similar to wigwams, with pole frames and elm bark covering. Longhouses are about 200 feet long and about 20 feet high. Raised platforms made it a second story this was used for sleeping spaces.

Tepees: these are tent like American Indian houses. A tepee is made into a cone like shape with a wooden frame and a buffalo hide for cover. These tepees are designed to be set up and be taken down quickly. These tepees are anywhere from 12 - 24 feet high.

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Transportation:

Main ways of transportation was a dug out canoe and walking.

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Religious beliefs:

Spirit rituals were regularly held to venerate such natural recourses.

Special ceremonies:

Sacrificing a girl to gods was pretty common for example, they would sacrifice a virgin girl to the salmon gods for big better fish. Every year the Muckleshoot tribe has a first salmon ceremony in which the entire community shares the flesh a spring Chinook salmon. The dances at Powwows have a strong personal and spiritual dimension. There are many different stories and interpretations for each dance, depending on tribal and family background.

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Tools:

The tools used were made of what ever can be used they made tools from animal bone, rocks, to make the tools necessary for survival. They crafted baskets, wood carvings, and clothing. Tools and dishes wee fashioned from steam-bent cedar. Cedar bark served as raw material from clothing furnishing, mats and rope.

Weapons:

The weapons used were all made to either hunt, fish, or to defend them self's from whatever. They had spears, bows and arrows, and arrow heads.


Governmental Structure:

In 1854 and 1855, territorial people governor Isaac Stevens negotiated treaties with the native inhabitants of Puget Sound. The treaty of medicine creek was negotiated in December of 1854 with the Puyallup, Nisqually, and the Squaxin. Stevens then journeyed to Mukilteo where he negotiated the treaty of point Elliot with the Duwamish, Squamish, Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Lummi, Swinomish, and other Indian groups occupying the area between the Whiter river and Canadian Border. In their treaties the native people of Western Washington ceded their territory in exchange for the U.S. promise that they would retain small reservation home lands in would be free to continue to fish, hunt, and gather resources upon which they depended on.



Work Cited:

http://www.native-language.org/houses.htm
http://www.muckleshoot.nsn.us/
http://www.nwic.edu/content/traditional-plants
http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1558.html