For Students

For Teachers

Based on our review of the literature, here are a handful of suggestions for teachers to help students take advantage of more-effective strategies:
  • Give a low-stakes quiz at the beginning of each class and focus on the most important material. Consider calling it a "review" to make it less intimidating.
  • Give a cumulative examination, which should encourage students to restudy the most important material in a distributed fashion.
  • Encourage students to develop a "study planner," so they can distribute their study throughout a class and rely less on cramming.
  • Encourage students to use practice retrieval when studying instead of passively rereading their books and notes.
  • Encourage students to elaborate on what they are reading, such as by asking "why" questions.
  • Mix it up in math class: when assigning practice problems, be sure to mix problems from earlier units with new ones, so that students can practice identifying problems and their solutions.
  • Tell students that highlighting is fine but only the beginning of the learning journey.

Source: Strengthening the Student Toolbox: Study Strategies to Boost Learning