Objectives


Explain the connection between the Whitman Massacre and the formalization of the Oregon Territory.

Explain the pattern of population growth in Washington state in the 1850s.

Describe the process by which Washington became a state.

Examine the Washington State Constitution and explain the rights guaranteed to all resident citizens and non-authorized people

Assignment 3.1

  1. Page 199, define all vocab that you cannot currently define from memory, do (but don't write) the map activities, and answer questions 1-6.
  2. List the requirements and procedures for a territory to become a state (your answer must refer to the Northwest Ordinance).

Assignment 3.2

Graph the population increase in five of Washington's counties using data from the 1850, 1853, 1859 and 1860, 1870, and 1880 censuses.

Your finished product should involve multiple graphs (or a graph with multiple data sets) and a few paragraphs of descriptive analysis.

When you finish:
  • Compare the trends with students' graphs of other counties.
  • Are the trends consistent across all counties?
  • Are some growing faster than others?
  • Based on this early data, when will Washington meet the requirements to become a territory? State?
  • How do you explain discrepancies between your graphs and other students' graphs?

Assignment 3.3

Research the requirements for a territory to become a state.

  1. Using chapter 11 answer the following questions.
    1. Why did Washington become a separate territory in 1853?
    2. Why did it take so long for Washington and Idaho to achieve statehood?
    3. How did the Whitman Massacre influence the political process of establishing the Oregon territory?
    4. Explain the structure of Oregon's territorial government.
    5. Identify the Pacific Northwest communities that served as territorial capitals.
  2. Explain when Washington, Oregon, and Idaho met the requirements to petition to become a territory.
  3. Explain when Washington, Oregon, and Idaho met the requirements to petition to become a state.
  4. Explain when and how Washington completed each of the procedural steps to become a state.

Assessment: Essay

  1. As preparation for writing your essay, perform the following analysis of the Washington State and US Constitutions. You can use the linked documents to compare the Washington State Constitution with the U.S. Constitution. (Cite evidence.)
    1. Compare and contrast the individuals responsible for writing the US Constitution with those who wrote the Washington State Constitution. (consider: position, purpose, wealth/power, education, etc.)
    2. Compare and contrast the Executive Branches described in the Washington State Constitution and the U.S. Constitution.
    3. Compare and contrast the Judicial Branches described in the Washington State Constitution and the U.S. Constitution.
    4. Compare and contrast the Legislative Branches described in the Washington State Constitution and the U.S. Constitution.
    5. What types of issues does the Washington State Constitution provide legal frameworks for that the U.S. Constitution does not?
    6. How many times has the Washington State Constitution been amended? For what kinds of purposes has the Washington State Constitution been amended?
    7. Are the reasons for amendment of the Washington State Constitution similar to the reasons the U.S. Constitution was amended?
  2. Final Product: Write an essay comparing and contrasting the Washington State Constitution with the U.S. Constitution.

Be sure to read, The 4 differences between the federal and state constitutions before you get too far into the process.
Perhaps the definitive resource for activity 5 is The Washington State Constitutional Law Project.




Purdue OWL provides an excellent overview of Chicago Manual of Style formatting.

US Constitution Center

Access WA Constitution

Census Websites


http://www.censusfinder.com/washington
http://us-census.org/
http://www.usgwcensus.org/states/washington/
http://usgwarchives.net/wa/wafiles.htm

Readings

Washington Territory and Washington State, Founding of
1853 Census
1859 Census
1860 Census
Washington Territory citizens vote for statehood
Washington admitted as 42nd state to United States of America
Olympia selected as capitol of Washington state
Congregational delegations from Washington State
1st Washington Constitutional Convention convenes in Walla Walla
Governors of Washington Territory and Washington state
Governor Isaac Stevens
Woman Suffrage Crusade
Woman Suffrage Campaign – Snohomish County